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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining; and all illustrations, figures, and tables must be placed at the end of the document. The submission file is saved as a single WORD or PDF document containing full text, tables and figures.
  • This journal charges a fee for publication. With this submission you agree to pay the amount due if the manuscript will be accepted for publication.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Authors are kindly invited to suggest at least 3/4 potential reviewers (name, affiliation and e-mail) for their manuscript in the "Comments to the Editor" field (Step 1. Submission Process).

To submit a new paper to our journal:

  1. Register on the Journal website; we encourage you to register also as a Reviewer at the same time;
  2. Download and follow the Guidelines for Authors;
  3. Read our Editorial Policies and our Competing Interest policies.
  4. Log in;
  5. Click on the "MAKE A SUBMISSION" button to start the online procedure.

To submit a revised version:

  1. Log in;
  2. Click on the title of your paper;
  3. Next to the heading "REVISIONS", upload your revised paper by using the "UPLOAD FILE" button;
  4. Inform the Editors that a revised version has been uploaded.

Guidelines for Authors

Manuscripts must be written in British English. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly recommended to have their manuscript checked by a language editing service, or by an English mother-tongue colleague prior to submission.

As an option, PAGEPress offers its own professional copyediting service. Professional copyediting can help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript needs a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, you can find a reliable revision service at:


Original Articles: should normally be divided into an abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, conclusions and references (max. 25 references; max. 5/7 figures and/or tables). The abstract should contain a maximum of 400 words.
Review Articles: no particular format is required for these articles (max. 5/7 figures and/or tables). However, they should have an informative, unstructured abstract of about 250 words.
Technical Notes: are articles with a simple layout and containing limited data (no more than two figures or tables) and a small number of citations (not more than 15). They should be limited to 2,000 words of text (figure captions, table headings and reference lists are additional to this limit).


The manuscripts should be double spaced with numbered lines and wide margins and should be arranged as follows.
Title page: including the full title, the name(s) of the author(s), their affiliation and the name of the corresponding author to whom proofs and requests for off-prints should be sent.
Abstract: should not exceed 400 words.
Keywords: three to six keywords characterizing the content of the article in alphabetical order.
Introduction: a brief introduction.
Materials and methods: this section should provide sufficient information and references on the techniques adopted to permit their replication.
Results: the content of this section should permit full comprehension of the data reported in figures and tables.
Discussion: this should underline the significance of the results and place them in the context of previous research.
Acknowledgements: references should be prepared strictly according to the instructions given below.
Units: authors are recommended to use the International System of Units (SI).
Scientific names: common names of organisms should always be accompanied, when first cited, by their complete scientific name in italics (genus, species, attribution and, if appropriate, cultivar).
Formulae: mathematical formulae must be carefully typed, possibly using the equation editor of Microsoft Word; when a paper contains several equations they should be identified with a number in parentheses (e.g. Eq. 1). Please note that each accepted paper will undergo technical and scientific copyediting before publication.

Tables: tables are numbered consecutively in Arabic numbers without “no.” before the number. References should be made in the text to each table. The desired style of presentation can be found in published articles. Titles of tables should be descriptive enough to be able to stand alone. Do not present the same data in tabular and graphic form.

Figures: figures are numbered consecutively in Arabic numbers. References should be made in the text to each figure. Each figure should have a caption. The term "figure" is used also for graphs and photos. Symbols and abbreviations used in figures can be defined in the figure caption or note or within the figure itself.Please avoid the use of bold face or greater size for the characters. Symbols and abbreviations used in figures can be defined in the figure caption or note or within the figure itself.

The figures must be submitted as .tif or .jpg files, with the following digital resolution:

  1. Color (saved as CMYK): minimum 300 dpi.
  2. Black and white/grays: minimum 600 dpiLettering of figures must be clearly labelled.

Movies Movies can be submitted and uploaded as "Supplementary Files" during the manuscript submission procedure. Dimension should not exceed 5 MB.

Citations in the text: the Journal follows the "author, year" style of citation. When a citation has one or two authors, cite the reference throughout using the name(s) and the date.When a citation has more than two authors, cite the reference throughout the text with et al. following the last name of the first author.When two or more references are included in a grouping within a sentence, they are arranged and separated by a semicolon.The first criterion is the year (former citations precede recent ones); multiple citations for a given year are further arranged alphabetically and multiple citations for the same initial letter are arranged as follows: first the citation with one author, secondly the citation with two authors, then the other (with et al.). When the same author has two references with different dates, cite them in chronological order, separating the dates with a comma; when the same author has two references with the same date, arrange the dates as a and b (also in the reference list) and separated by a comma.

Journal titles mentioned in the reference list should be abbreviated according to the following websites (sequenced by relevance):

  1. ISI Journal Abbreviations Index (http://library.caltech.edu/reference/abbreviations)
  2. Biological Journals and Abbreviations (http://home.ncifcrf.gov/research/bja)
  • Example: (Foury, 1967, 1972; Burns et al., 1970; Allen et al., 1990; Basnizki and Zohary, 1994; White et al., 1990a,b).

Citation should be made in the text to each reference. Citations are listed in strict alphabetical order by first author' last names.Use capital and lower case letters for authors' names. If all authors are identical for two or more citations, chronological order of publication should dictate the order of citations. When more than one paper in a given year is listed by authors whose names are in the same order in each paper, the papers are arranged in alphabetical order of the paper title. Use the following system to arrange your references:

  1. periodicals: Hennighausen LG, Sippel AE, 1982. Characterization and cloning of the mRNAs specific for the lactating mouse mammary gland. Eur. J. Biochem. 125:131-41.
  2. books: National Research Council, 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th rev. ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  3. multi-authors books: Brouwer I, 1965. Report of the sub-committee on constants and factors. In: K.L. Blaxter (ed.) Energy metabolism. EAAP Publ. N. 11, Academic Press Ltd., London, UK, pp 441-3.
  4. proceedings: Rossi A, Bianchi B, 1998. How writing the references. Proc. 4th World Congr. Appl. Livest. Prod., Armidale, Australia, 26:44-6. (Or 44, if one page) - Blanco P, Nigro B, 1970. Not numbered volumes. Page 127 (or pp 12-18) in Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. Cattle Dis., Philadelphia, PA, USA.
  5. thesis: Rossi P, 1999. Stima di parametri genetici nella razza Reggiana. Degree Diss., Università di Milano, Italy.
  6. material from a World Wide Web site: Food and Drug Administration, 2001. Available from: http://www.fda.gov.
  7. Regulations:
    • Italian Regulation, 1992. Application of the Council Directive (EEC) No. 86/609 regarding the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes. LD 116/1992. In: Official Journal No. 294, 18/2/1992, pp 5-24.
    • European Commission, 1994. Commission Decision of 27 June 1994 concerning certain protection measures with regard to bovine spongiform encephalopathy and the feeding of mammalian derived protein, 94/381/EC. In: Official Journal, L 172, 07/07/1994, pp 23-24.
  8. International standards: ISO, 1991. Determination of total fat content - Meat and meat products. Norm ISO R- 1443:1991. International Organization for Standardization Publ., Geneva, Switzerland.
  9. In press: Manuscripts that have been accepted for publication but are not yet published can be listed in the literature cited with the designation [In press] following the journal title.
  10. Other: Citations such as personal communication, unpublished data, etc. should be incorporated in the text and NOT placed into the Reference section.

Peer-review policy

All manuscripts submitted to our journal are critically assessed by external and/or in-house experts in accordance with the principles of peer review (http://www.icmje.org/#peer), which is fundamental to the scientific publication process and the dissemination of sound science. Each paper is first assigned by the Editors to an appropriate Associate Editor who has knowledge of the field discussed in the manuscript. The first step of manuscript selection takes place entirely in-house and has two major objectives: i) to establish the article’s appropriateness for our journals’ readership; ii) to define the manuscript’s priority ranking relative to other manuscripts under consideration, since the number of papers that the journal receives is much greater than it can publish. If a manuscript does not receive a sufficiently high priority score to warrant publication, the editors will proceed to a quick rejection. The remaining articles are reviewed by at least two different external referees (second step or classical peer review). Manuscripts should be prepared according to the Uniform Requirements established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (http://www.icmje.org/#prepare).
Authorship: all persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship according to the ICMJE criteria (http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html). Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should only be based on substantial contributions to i) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; and to ii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and on iii) final approval of the version to be published. These three conditions must all be met. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Any part of an article critical to its main conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author. Authors should provide a brief description of their individual contributions.